Deceiving without answering


Lying is standardly distinguished from misleading according to how a disbelieved proposition is conveyed. To lie, a speaker uses a sentence to say a proposition she does not believe. A speaker merely misleads by using a sentence to somehow convey but not say a disbelieved proposition. Front-and-center to the lying/misleading distinction is a conception of what-is-said by a sentence in a context. Stokke (2016, 2018) argues that the standard account of lying/misleading is explanatorily inadequate unless paired with his theory where what-is-said by a sentence is sensitive to the question under discussion or QUD. I present two objections to his theory, and conclude that no extant theory of what-is-said enables the standard account of the lying/misleading distinction to be explanatorily adequate.

Philosophical Studies
Peter van Elswyk
Assistant Professor of Philosophy